|Transport and Infrastructure Development||
The Transport and Infrastructre Development Unit focuses on problems inhibiting the development and provision of physical infrastructure and services The sub-sectors the unit focuses on include: Energy, Information and Communications Technology, Petroleum transmission and distribution, Solid waste management, Transport, Construction and housing.
The proposed activities for 2017 under Transport and Infrastructure Development are as follows:
a) Development of a National Fire Services and Rescue Policy
Currently Zambia lacks a National Policy to provide overall guidance in the provision of fire services. It is for this reason that ZIPAR has been contracted by the Ministry of Local Government (MLG) to support the development of the first ever National Fire Services and Rescue Policy. This Policy is aimed at facilitating the provision of adequate emergency fire services to all and providing guidance on the management and practices such as prevention, safety control, fire-fighting and rescue. The development of this policy will be guided by the following methodology: an extensive desk review of regional and other international fire policy documentation, site visits to provincial fire management institutions, provincial Focus Group Discussions (FDGs) with representatives of all relevant stakeholders and iterative KIIs. The activities leading up to the finalization of the policy are scheduled to take place from second to third quarter (Q2-Q3) of 2017.
The development of the policy will be entirely financed by the Client. The assignment will be executed in collaboration with externally sourced personnel to complement the Unit.
b) Used Motor Vehicle Imports and the Impact on Transportation in Zambia
In 2014, ZIPAR conducted a study on Used Motor Vehicle Imports and the Impact on Transportation in Zambia. Subsequently, resulting from consultations between the Unit, Ministry of Communication and Transport (MCT) and the Road Traffic and Safety Agency (RTSA) in 2016, the unit will be updating the 2014 Used Motor Vehicle study using current data. Similarly to the 2014 study, the updated work will, among other things, aim at determining whether the age and fitness status of Zambia’s motor vehicle fleet is changing overtime. Further the study will attempt to establish the relationship between the source market and aging and fitness status of the fleet. Finally, the study will evaluate the financing environment for motor vehicle leasing in Zambia.
The study will also involve a desk review of the latest national motor vehicle registration and fitness data captured by RTSA. Key Informant Interviews (KIIs) will be conducted involving motor vehicle dealers and other stakeholders. Outcomes of the study will culminate into a report and a policy brief. The study is expected to take place during the first and second (Q1-Q2) of 2017.
Similarly to the 2014 study, the updated work aims to provide evidence based recommendations to help the Government formulate and implement appropriate motor vehicle importation policies. The study also aims to educate Zambian households on the implications (financial and otherwise) of continued importation of ageing second hand motor vehicles with regard to road safety (road worthiness, fitness status and frequent breakdowns) and the increased environmental impact (e.g., carbon emissions).
c) Used Motor Vehicles Taxation Policy
This study will be a joint activity between the Unit and Public Finance. In line with the study on Used Motor Vehicles Imports and the Impact on Transportation in Zambia, this study intends to tackle the aspects of taxation of used motor vehicles.
The Customs and Excise Act was amended under Act No. 18 of 2015 to, among other things, provide for the valuation of used motor vehicles. Section 85 of the Act states “…the customs value for used motor vehicles shall be determined by the method of valuation prescribed by the Minister by Statutory Instrument”. The Ministry of Finance (MoF) through the budget office has therefore requested ZIPAR to carry out the study in order to inform what statutory instruments should be prescribed as regard to the valuation method to be applied for import taxation and customs duty purposes.
In addition, the study also aims to provide a research basis for a review of the current taxation policy for used motor vehicles in Zambia. This is important considering current transportation needs of the Zambian public, taking into account the quality and safety conditions of Zambia’s motor vehicle fleet. This study will employ the following methods among others; principal component analysis and data reduction using non-parametric regression techniques. The study is scheduled to be carried out during the first and second quarter (Q1-Q2) of 2017.