|Transport & Infrastructure||
The Transport & Infrastructre Development Unit focuses on problems inhibiting the development and provision of physical infrastructure and services The sub-sectors the unit focuses on include: Energy, Information and Communications Technology, Petroleum transmission and distribution, Solid waste management, Transport, Construction and housing.
The unit’s core works planned for 2018 include the following:
(a) Freight transport practices, regulation and competiveness between Zambia and its neighbours: Zambia’s impressive growth over more than 2 decades fostered demand for transportation services, particularly freight. Land transportation, principally road transport, dominates freight activities, with over 90% of the market share. The railways sector, a distant second, offers competitive prices and capacities for bulk commodities haulage, although it is not yet entrenched due to various internal constraints. The two sub-sectors represent massive investment opportunities for both local and foreign players. Design as a desk review with a limited number of key informant interviews, this study will seeks to understand the nature of competition in freight transport in Zambia and how this affects both the road and railway freight activities. It will also evaluate the regulatory framework to identify weaknesses, and investigate the size of the freight market, regulatory framework and conventional practices in the SADC region. The study activities are expected to take place from the first quarter through the third quarter of 2018, with a publication at the end of the third quarter. Among the key audience will be MCT, MNDP and private and public freight companies.
(b) Institutional Preparedness for Urban Public Transport Reforms: the ‘Trip Modelling and Cost Analysis for Public Transport System for the City of Lusaka in 2013’ paper highlighted the adverse effects of unmanaged bus services and the social benefits of well managed services. Recently, Government (MCT) intends to introduce high capacity, time-bound bus services on major urban routes and to gradually phase out minibuses. This has attracted mixed reaction for various stakeholders, but none have offer a proper empirical perspective on the matter. Focusing on the Public Transport Service Production action arena, this study will analyse the institutional preparedness of Zambia’s urban public transport system to transition to a managed one. It will consider the rules covering some of the factors of production. The study will mainly use desk review and (qualitative and quantitative) primary data collection approaches. The activities under this study are expected to be conducted from the first to third quarter of 2018. A working paper will be produced, targeting MCT as the main audience.
(c) Rural Transport Development in Zambia and Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs): persistently high rural poverty in Zambia has been debated for a long time. Among other factors, rural populations are isolated from markets and essential developmental services such as health, school and information due to lack of transport infrastructure or reliable transport services. While many urban areas are experiencing significant reduction in poverty and development, the situation in the rural areas appears to have been left behind, stagnant. In a bid to open up rural areas and link them to vital markets and essential services, the Government launched the ambitious Link Zambia 8000 road development programme. The programme was designed to, inter alia, upgrade designated rural roads. The 7NDP also upholds the ethos of Link Zambia 8000 and proposes to continue with its implementation. While infrastructure investment is essential for economic development, financing it can be overwhelming and some expenditure items such as rural development spending could easily be neglected. This study will mainly seek to associate rural transport development with the global development agenda, the SDGs. It will attempt to answer the question of whether attainment of SDGs will be compromised as a result and suggest alternative targeted approaches that maximise the benefits of existing infrastructure programmes. This study will be published as a policy brief in the third quarter of 2018.
Transport and Infrastructure Development Research Team
- Zali Chikuba
- Malindi Msoni-Chatora
- John I. Mututwa