In recent years, the world has been rocked by a succession of crisis which have brought into the direction of global public policy. Not since the second world war have, we witnessed circumstances which have questioned the nature of international relations on the current scale.
Following the collapse of the old order of post–cold war era, viz. the fall of Soviet communism and the disintegration of the Warsaw Pact as well as the Soviet Union, and followed by political liberalization in Africa, and the era of political and economic liberalism emerged. It was apparent that a new world order, a liberal order, was emerging founded on more openness at national and international levels, and indeed greater multilateralism.